Blade Runner


Wine Fed on Castle Rock

“The renowned Isag from the Southern part

Like the flowing sea was his demeanor

For modesty and liberality

And the gracious drinking of mead

Where his weapons struck there was no requital,

He never wavered, never faltered.

His sword resounded in the heads of mothers”


Aneirin Y Gododdin

Mice, Larks Nests, Prophecy

“time emanates from objects, rather than being a continuum in which they float ”

Timothy Morton from Hyperobject’s, strayed across this by chance at New Savannah and having spent the day thinking about the historical horizon of British history; the moment that was decided as the date and place to start it retrospectively as a means of attempting to make sense and affirm the social and cultural order of a later medieval present with a back- story.

Tim’s words work perfectly in this moment. Our sense of time alters as our cultures alter, the past has a marked tendency to keep in step with that sense of the present.

Early medieval material for British history is found embedded in much later sources often extensively altered by a range of scribal hands in differing moments of history. First step to understanding is to understand the context in which they were written and the object from which they emanated, then work back.Dealing with multiple layers of differing and distinct memory.

An ever- present being in a constantly altering form.

Womb-Burdens of the Island of Britain


Three Futile Battles of the Island of Britain

One of them was the Battle of Goddeu: it was brought about by the cause of the bitch, together with the roebuck and the plover; The second was the Action of Arfderydd, which was brought by the cause of the lark’s nest; And the third was the worst: that was Camlan, which was brought about because of a quarrel between Gwenhwyfar and Gwennhwyfach. This is why those (Battles) were called Futile: because they were brought about by such a barren cause as that.


Trioedd Ynys Prydein (Triads of the Island of Britain)

The Control of Shiny Objects


 The Emotional State

I had a pleasant walk last night but a crap night photography wise, I tripped after taking this shot, managed to turn the flash on somehow and the best shot I got of the night (not very good) was when I was testing the camera to check the flash was off without looking down the lens. But then I like the element of luck involved in it all, well most of the time.

Castle in the distance, high status object close up, a reminder of a far more vexing and difficult issue with regard to 6th century social organization and the role of kings. Does the kings power rest on the control and distribution of portable, high status shiny objects or the distribution and control of land?

A fortification of one form or other has been perched on the top of castle rock throughout history yet its early history is not a part of the modern public history of the city. The inhabitants spoke a form of early Welsh and its early history has more to do with later medieval Wales than with Scotland. Its in Wales that the memory of a united Britain and a British speaking North was kept alive or more strictly speaking transformed into a foundational myth for the later Welsh aristocracy, who claimed legitimacy to rule and a legitimacy to engage in violence through this relationship with an imagined past.

Its a history that fits uneasily with our modern sense of what the past should be and what ethnicity is. That past was already being extensively re-written in a more acceptable form to modern eyes by the 9th century. History as a battlefield and an epic clash between identifiable and tangibly different cultures.

A  past where the English and the British were locked in an eternal cycle of warfare for control of the Island. A history written as prophecy where past, present and future melt into each other and Gods vision unfolded.

Between the 9th and 12th century a new sense of relationship between the human population and the local environment develops and is built on the emotion of loss. Grieving for the death of an object which had existed only in story and poetry.

Britain is born out of a sense of anxiety, within the mind of a culture in a state of deep emotional stress, as it fought for survival in an increasingly competitive and hostile environment.

Britain at its birth was an emotional state.

Jack The Giant Killer


Pertaining to Giants

The disappointment for me in not having Independence was I did not get to raise the suggestion that our currency should be called the coo rather than the pound. The cow was the traditional standard unity of currency in Scotland.

All that wet weather, dictates how land will be used, administrated and maps the economy that will govern it.

Ownership of one cow was the mark of a freeman. You also required land on which to graze it, loss of a cow and free status relates to the loss of control of land.

Basic and fundamental biological issue that faced early medieval aristocratic societies, how to hold land and reproduce (offspring required more cows and more grazing land). Failure to meet these conditions pushed local family groups from free status to that of slave.

Violence was a significant problem, the church of course got round this issue as the landlord was a supernatural entity who did not die (the clergy were servants in his household) and territory did not fragment with the death of the king.

No accident that as ethnicity emerges in the north its symbol is the cross of a saint.

The great dictator in all this, the rain.