The tables contain the measurements of the skull of an average European, and those of the skull of a Sicilian pygmy for the use of which I have to thank Professor Sergi (Fig. 2 and Fig. 3). The difference is remarkable between the absolute figures, thus the large skull has a capacity (Broca) of 1460 cc., the pygmy skull only 1031 cc., the former is 191 mm. long, the latter only 142 mm. For further details I would refer to my paper which has appeared in the "Zeitsschrift fur Ethnologic" (Berlin) 1894. As to the remains of adult males of the taller race found in seven of the tombs, I found the length of a femur from tomb No. 5 to measure 454 mm., which gives a stature of 1,662 mm., the normal stature of the taller European races. I found portions of several other skeletons from the neolithic stratum referable to some more individuals of the taller race, but was unable to take satisfactory measurements of them, owing to their imperfect state. The results of this examination prove that pygmies have lived at one time at Schweizersbild. They must not be con- sidered as pathologically degenerated people, since Professor R Virchow states expressly that their bones are of normal structure. Consequently we find here a miniature type of man with distinct anatomical characters, which differs as much from the taller size varieties of mankind, as do the pygmies of Africa, Asia, and the Asiatic Archipelago. The discovery at Schweizersbild of the contemporary existence of pygmies and normal sized types during the neolithic period being unique, would certainly have been looked upon with some incredulity. But while I was engaged upon the examination of the settlement, Sergi, assisted by Dr. Mantia, discovered some living pygmies in Sicily and Sardinia. Sergi has also a fine collection of skulls of these pygmies, in which the cranial capacity is 400-500 cc. lower than that of the taller European races. The pygmies in Sicily are of very small stature, being generally under 1,500 mm. Small people are not only met with in Sicily and Sardinia, where, in several districts, they form 14 per cent, of the population, but all throughout Italy, according to Sergi, who quotes from the enlistments for the army. He believes them to exist also in Eussia, as he found some very small skulls in the craniological collections there, similar to those from Sicily.
Prof. J. Kollman, Pygmies In Europe, Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 25 (1896)