Traffic With Elves Fauns and Fairies

The tables contain the measurements of the skull of an 
average European, and those of the skull of a Sicilian pygmy 
for the use of which I have to thank Professor Sergi (Fig. 2 and 
Fig. 3). The difference is remarkable between the absolute 
figures, thus the large skull has a capacity (Broca) of 1460 cc., 
the pygmy skull only 1031 cc., the former is 191 mm. long, 
the latter only 142 mm. For further details I would refer to 
my paper which has appeared in the "Zeitsschrift fur Ethnologic" 
(Berlin) 1894. 


As to the remains of adult males of the taller race found in 
seven of the tombs, I found the length of a femur from tomb 
No. 5 to measure 454 mm., which gives a stature of 1,662 mm., 
the normal stature of the taller European races. I found 
portions of several other skeletons from the neolithic stratum 
referable to some more individuals of the taller race, but was 
unable to take satisfactory measurements of them, owing to 
their imperfect state. 

The results of this examination prove that pygmies have 
lived at one time at Schweizersbild. They must not be con- 
sidered as pathologically degenerated people, since Professor 
R Virchow states expressly that their bones are of normal 
structure. Consequently we find here a miniature type of man 
with distinct anatomical characters, which differs as much from 
the taller size varieties of mankind, as do the pygmies of 
Africa, Asia, and the Asiatic Archipelago. 

The discovery at Schweizersbild of the contemporary existence 
of pygmies and normal sized types during the neolithic period 
being unique, would certainly have been looked upon with some 
incredulity. But while I was engaged upon the examination 
of the settlement, Sergi, assisted by Dr. Mantia, discovered some 
living pygmies in Sicily and Sardinia. Sergi has also a fine 
collection of skulls of these pygmies, in which the cranial 
capacity is 400-500 cc. lower than that of the taller European 
races. The pygmies in Sicily are of very small stature, being 
generally under 1,500 mm. Small people are not only met 
with in Sicily and Sardinia, where, in several districts, they form 
14 per cent, of the population, but all throughout Italy, according 
to Sergi, who quotes from the enlistments for the army. He 
believes them to exist also in Eussia, as he found some very 
small skulls in the craniological collections there, similar to 
those from Sicily.

Reference 

Prof. J. Kollman, Pygmies In Europe,  Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 25 (1896)

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