“Distinctions are drawn by observers in their perceived environments. Wither distinctions are purposeful and reflected or involuntary and determined by convention, they divide a space into parts and thus intervene in an observers domain of observation…. distinctions are the source of variety in an observers environment. Without the act of drawing distinctions, everything would appear an undifferentiated mass. Only after distinctions are drawn can one note differences, obtain information about the world and do something with them. Through distinctions observers create the capacity for understanding. As Spencer Brown put it
A universe comes into being when a space is severed or taken apart…. The act is itself already remembered, even if unconsciously, as our first attempt to distinguish different things in a world where, in the first place, the boundaries can be drawn anywhere we please. At this stage, the universe cannot be distinguished from how we act upon it, and the world may seem like shifting sand beneath our feet.
Relations by contrast, are conceptual inventions designed to reconcile the violence that the drawing of distinctions inflicts on the environment as a whole. To conceive a relation implies embodiment in some medium, wither in a nervous system, computer algorithm or linguistic proposition.”
K. Krippendorff. On Communicating: Otherness, Meaning, Information